Teodors ZALKALNS (known as
Teodors Grinbergs until 1930)born on November 30, 1876 in Allazi district
(Latvia), died on September 6, 1972 in Riga. Sculptor. Studies at
Stiglitz's Central School for Technical Drawing (1893-1899), a graduate
of the Classes of Decorative Painting and Etching, a winner of scholarship
for studies abroad. Participation in the activities of Latvian artists'
union "Rukis". He took up sculpting in Paris, where he attended Rodin's
studio under A. Bourdelle.
Zalkalns was highly influenced by Rodin's school and was also interested
in Egyptian sculpture. He designed sculptures at C. Faberge's jewelry
company in St. Petersburg (1901-1903). Mastering of bronze casting
and marble carving in Italy (1907 - 1909), where he also studied Renaissance
art. Outstanding is his contribution to monumental and memorial sculpture;
he laid the foundations of traditional Latvian sculpture.
The most significant works: monument to R. Blaumanis in Riga (1929),
memorials to J. Poruks (1930, Riga Meza Cemetery) and F. Barda (1933,
in Umurga); Standing Mother (1915), Seated Mother (1916), portraits,
animal figures (Pig, 1937). Participation in the implementation of
a monumental propaganda project in Petrograd, and contests for the
Brethren Cemetery and Statue of Liberty in Riga. He was also known
as a graphic artist, art critic and poet.
Professor, head of the sculpture department at the Latvian Academy
of Arts (1944-1958).
References: Teodors Zalkalns / Representative album. Riga,
1943; K. Baumanis. Teodors Zalkalns. Riga, 1966; R. Caupova. Teodor
Zalkaln. Moscow, 1990; J. Silins. Latvian Art in 1800-1914, II. Stockholm,
1980; Latvian Fine Arts in 1860-1940. Riga, 1986; Latvian State Academy
of Arts / Compiled by I. Burane. Riga., 1989.